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Government of India – United Nations Development Program

Urban Risk Reduction Project (URR Project)


District Disaster Management Plan:

Disaster Risk Profile of Dhanbad

Geographical Profile

Latitude - 23o37'3" N and 24o4' N; Longitude - 86o6'30" E and 86o50' E

Dhanbad district can be divided into three (3) Broad Natural Regions:-

        I)            the north and north western portions consisting of  the hilly region

    (ii)            the uplands containing coal mines and most of the industries and

   (iii)            the remaining uplands and plains lying to the south of the Damodar river consisting of cultivable flat lands .

Main Rivers:- Damodar river stretch of about 75 Km. in the district and Barakar, traverses about 77 Kms in the district.

Dhanbad Physical Map

B. Demographic Profile (As per Census 2001 & 2011)

(i) Population                            2001                                       2011

          Total                              2,397,102                               2,682,662

          Urban                            1,255,358 (52%)                            -

          Rural                              1,141,744 (48%)                            -

(ii) Popln. Density is 1284 per against Jharkhand population density of 414 per (1167 per sq. km. in 2001)  

(iii) Total Households  4,27,939        

(iv) Total no. of Slums -  154 slums (Source : BSUP V DPR, Dhanbad)

                Slum Population -   73,000 approx (Source : CDP, Dhanbad)


C. Climatic Conditions and Environmental Risks

          Climate of the district is characterized by dryness.

          The average rainfall during July is 287 mm and that in August 445 mm. The average annual rain fall in the district is approximately 1300mm.

          As per report of Central Ground Water Board, Forest cover is spread over 189 sq. km. area in the district which is gradually eroding.

          Significantly, land put to non-agricultural use covers 431 sq. km., Barren and uncultivable waste covers 325 sq. km., cultivable wasteland covers 113 sq. km.and current fallow is 392 sq. km.

          112 coal mines operating in the district and due to predominant mining activity in Dhanbad, pollution of air and water is the major causes of respiratory diseases.


D. Economic Profile

          Dhanbad is the only district in the state where the nonagricultural population out numbers the agricultural population.

          Agriculture in the district is mainly rain fed and comprises mono-crop practice which makes economy of district more dependent on coal mining and allied activities.

          Employment in mining industry, allied enterprises, industrial enterprises of public are the main economic activities in the district.

          Coal mining activity continue to guide the regional economy for many more years.

          At present, there are 112 coal mines operating in the district which totally produce 26.70 million metric tones of coal annually of a total value nearly Rs. 7,000 million. Therefore, Dhanabd has significant importance in state and national economy.

          Coal Mining activity directly employs nearly 180,000 workers in the district, which is as much as 25-30% of the total workers in the district.


E. Area Profile under Dhanbad Municipal Corporation

Dhanbad Municipal Corporation (DMC) came into existence in 2006 by notification vide Establishment /Formation – 101/ 5334 / Urban Development Department, Ranchi, dated 01- 02- 2006.

§  DMC Area - Urban settlements (32 towns) and 258 Villages (Total Area - 355.77

§  Total population of Dhanbad Municipal Corporation is 13,33,719 (Census of 2001) in 55 Municipal wards of DMC.


F. Types of Probable Hazards or Risks in the district

  1. Natural Hazards -  Earthquake, Drought, Severe Summer Weather/Extreme Heat, lightning and high winds (Thunderstorms), Land Subsidence, Drowning cases in rivers and ponds, etc)
  2. Technological Hazards (Dam Failure, Train Accidents, Mining Disasters, Road Accidents, Utilities Failure (Energy), Utilities Failure (Telecommunications), Utilities Failure (Water Systems), Land Subsidence due to underground Mining or Coal Mining Seam Fire, Major fire due to electrical short circuit/other reasons, etc)
  3. Human-caused Hazards (Intentional Acts) like (Terrorist Attack, Civil Disorder, etc)
  4. Biological Hazards (Disease Epidemic, Animal Disease, etc)


G. Major Urban Risks in Dhanbad

The following risks are major hazard risks in Dhanbad urban area: -

          Coal Mining related hazards including Coal Mine Fire and land subsidence

          Drinking Water Crisis or Drought


          Drowning cases in rivers and ponds in urban and rural areas



H. What makes us more vulnerable to Urban Risks?

          Substantial Coal Mining Area with proximate habitation

          Mine Fire and subsidence

          Environmental Degradation and Increasing Pollution

          Regulatory Gaps in Construction Work

          Increasing number of Slums in the city

          Inadequate civic infrastructure & support system like Drinking water, drainage, approachable roads to each part of city, etc.

          Proximity to Black Mango Fault (BMF), a seismic fault that passes through Haryana, and affects Indo-Gangetic plain, which covers parts of Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Assam


I. Coal Mining Hazards History of Dhanbad

May 1965 -             375 miners died in mines fire in Bermo

Year 1966 -             Out of 64 underground fire in India, 32 occurred in Jharia

Year 1976 -             Out of 82 Underground fire areas, 45 incurred in BCCL area.

Year 1978 -             Out of 158 incidences of mine fire, 96 in Jharia –Mugma coalfield

In last decade

February 2001 -      39 miners died in water leakage in Bagdigi mine, Dhanbad

September 2006 -   54 miners killed due to methane gas, Nagda Mine, BCCL, Katras

Year 2011                 Large area of Dhanbad coal mines under mines fire



City Crisis Management Plan

Dhanbad City Crisis Management Plan has been developed in 2005. City Crisis Management Plan also include Standard Operating Procedure (SoP), Incident Response System (IRS) and Emergency Support Functions (ESFs). Review of plan is done on periodic basis and necessary revision is made.

City Crisis Management Plan – Click here

Revised District Incident Response System (October 2011) – Click here


District Disaster Management Plan

In accordance with the Manual of National Institute of Disaster Management, New Delhi and Disaster Management Plan Manual of Disaster Management Department, GoJ, the district administration developed disaster management plan of Dhanbad.

Draft District Disaster Management Plan, Dhanbad (2016-17) :-


Urban Risk Reduction Planning at Municipal Wards

Under Urban Risk Reduction Project of GoI-UNDP, disaster risk reduction planning has been started by District Administration under guidance of Deputy Commissioner. It is expected that Urban Risk Reduction Plan will be completed by March 2012.